A town in the Ballarat Electorate.
There was a big demand for Australian miners to join the British Tunnellers because of the difficulty in tunnelling in blue clay. Ballarat area miners, having great experience in excavating in clay, were sought after by recruiting teams. 
Call to Arms
- RECRUITING CAMPAIGN. - TOWN MAYOR'S APPEAL TO THE MEN Of BALLARAT EAST.
- This being our national holiday, and in response to the appeal of the chair man of the State Parliamentary Recruiting Committee, I most seriously urge you to think of your duty to Commonwealth and Empire. In this titanic struggle every man is needed. 'To arms to arms." is the clarion call. We are in the throes of the most stupendous conflict in all history. Tremendous issues are involved. Your liberty, and all that you hold in glorious heritage are at stake. We appeal to your 'high, sense of honor, sacrifice and patriotism. The Empire demands that every man this day will do his duty. You will do yours by enlisting now.
- WILLIAM J. HOARE 
- Notes from Ewen Campbell.
- Ballarat Star, 31 January 1916.