Ypres

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Battlefield of Ypres. Courtesy Ballarat Heritage Services Picture Collection
General Area of the British Offensive at Ypres, 1917 Courtesy Ballarat Heritage Services Picture Collection
The Flanders Front from Ypres to Dixmude. This map shows the area of the fierce battle, to the east and north-east of Ypres, which precluded the capture of Langemarck on 16 August 1917. Some of the severest fighting took place along the ridge country immediately to the north of the Mennin Road - about Glencorse Wood and Polygon Wood. Courtesy Ballarat Heritage Services Picture Collection.
At the End of a Spell: Australians Marching to Rest Billets Along a Road Near Ypres. Courtesy Ballarat Heritage Services Picture Collection

The modern name for Ypres is Ieper. It is often referred to as the Ypres Salient. In military terms, a salient is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory.[1] The Ypres Salient was a great arc of defensive lines running from Boesinghe in the north almost to Ploegsteert in the south, with the ancient city of Ypres at its heart. It was formed late in 1914 after teh british and French clashed head on with german Forces in the First Battle of Ypres. By the time the last shells fell on Ypres in October 1918, the Ypres Salient had claimed 185,000 Commonwealth lives.[2]

Ist Ypres

The First Battle of Ypres took place between 19 October to 21 November 1914.[3]

2nd Ypres

The Second Battle of Ypres took place between 22 April to 24 May 1915.[4] During this battle the determined Germans thrust to the north of the Salient, leaving 15,000 Commwealth dead. Only 3,000 have known graves. In this battle the Allies were on the defensive and most of the missing were left behind when the salient contracted.[5]

3rd Ypres

The Third Battle of Ypres took place between 31 July and 06 November 1917. [6]

Passchendaele (Now spelt Passendale) is a small village five miles north-east of Ypres. It is the name by which the final stages of the Third Battle of Ypres is known.[7]

The Final Objective in the Third Battle of Ypres, 1917. Courtesy Ballarat Heritage Services Picture Collection
Masked Ambulance Men Moving Wounded Through Ypres. Courtesy Ballarat Heritage Services Picture Collection
General View of the British Front from Ypres to Peronne. Courtesy Ballarat Heritage Services Picture Collection


Also See

Battle Fields

Menin Road

Paschendale

War Graves

References

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ypres_Salient, accessed 10/10/2014.
  2. The Ypres Salient, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, c2014,
  3. Research by J. Grinlaw.
  4. Research by J. Grinlaw.
  5. The Ypres Salient, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, c2014,
  6. Research by J. Grinlaw.
  7. http://www.ww1battlefields.co.uk/flanders/passchendaele.html, accessed 11/07/2014.
Chatellenie Hotel Ypres before and after the bombing, c1917. Federation University Historical Collection (gift of the Chatham Family).
St Nicholas Church Ypres before and after the bombing, c1917. Federation University Historical Collection (gift of the Chatham Family).
St Martin's Cathedral Ypres before and after the bombing, c1917. Federation University Historical Collection (gift of the Chatham Family).