The battle of Fromelles was a combined attack by British and Australian troops on 19 and 20 July 1916. The aim of the operation was to seize the german-held salient just north of the village of Fromelles. It was the Australia Imperial Force's first offensive operation of the Western Front and was intended to divert German troops away from the Battle of The Somme. When the attack was called off on the morning of 20 July 1916 over 7,000 British and australian troops had been killed, wounded, captured or missing. The highest casualties were from Australia's 5th Division, fighting alongside the British 61st Division. The battle is the worst loss of life in a 24 hour period in Australia's history.
- Order of Service for the headstone Dedication for Australian Soldiers Killed during the Battle of Fromelles 19-20 July 1916.